Comparative law has been a field of study since the 18th century, but it has taken on a new meaning since its creation by the French philosopher Montesquieu. Originally, the field was created to try to find commonalities and explain differences in the legal and political systems of France and Britain. Having been at war for nearly 500 years, Montesquieu hoped to create a field that would find the commonalities that would enable the two countries to find peace. Today, the field of comparative law is still doing much the same thing in a very different setting.
Europe is no longer the area creating issues for international law makers. Now the focus is on North Africa and the nations in the Middle East. Here, comparative law has become a way to create new constitutions for those nations trying to create a more democratic means of government. There are several individuals driving this cause forward, but one of the foremost authorities on international and comparative law is the current Dean of the UC Berkeley School of Law, Sujit Choudhry. Learn from his writings, check linkedin.com.
Sujit Choudhry was interested in international politics from the moment he first stepped into a classroom. Having earned law degrees from Harvard, Oxford, and Toronto, he quickly rose to the top of his field. He was involved with the United Nations Mediation team focused on mediating disputes around the globe. He also was a member of the faculty in the law school at the University of Toronto where he studied and researched how to bring nations from violet transitions of power to more democratic ones. During his time in international politics, Sujit Choudhry has also personally helped with the constitution-building process in several Middle Eastern and North African countries. Check this on crunchbase.com.
Sujit Choudhry is now the Founding Director of the Center for Constitutional Transition, an organization with the mission to provide countries and governments with the resources and experts to transition peacefully to a democratic constitution. Sujit Choudhry has also been recognized as a Rhodes Scholar for his contributions in the field, and he will continue to help build constitutions and spread democracy around the World. See works.bepress.com.